Social and economic factors influencing community participation in the implementation of Fish farming projects, a case of Embakasi Constituency, Kenya

Community involvement in implementation of community projects.

Multiple anthelmintic resistance on a sheep farm in Kenya and its implication for helminth control

The occurrence of anthelmintic resistance in gastrointestinal nematodes in sheep on a farm in Kabete, Kenya was investigated between October 2005 and March 2006 when an outbreak of acute and fatal helminthosis occurred despite the use of ivermectin in worm control. The efficacies of locally available anthelmintics, namely, ivermectin, levamisole, levamisole rafoxanide combination and albendazole were evaluated based on faecal egg count reduction percentages (FECR%), clinical manifestation of helminthosis and post-mortem worm count (WC).

Accuracy of an anaemia scoring chart applied on goats in sub-humid Kenya and its potential for control of Haemonchus contortus infections

We tested the practical application of an anaemia scoring chart (the FAMACHA© chart) as a method for controlling Haemonchus contortus in goats kept under smallholder conditions in a sub-humid area of Central Kenya. The objectives were: (1) to test the accuracy of the FAMACHA© chart in identifying anaemic goats (PCV ≤ 18); (2) to quantify the proportion of goats left untreated at farm level when using the chart.

Characterisation of smallholder pig production in Kikuyu Division, central Kenya.

A three-phase study was conducted in high-potential farming and peri-urban area in Kikuyu Division central Kenya to obtain farm and management data and to monitor health and productivity of pigs in smallholder farms. The first phase was a cross-sectional study in which 87 farms (that had been selected from a total of 179 farms using a simple random selection) were visited once and data on important farm and management factors were gathered using semi-structured questionnaires.

Implications of coastal tourism on food production in Kwale district.

This is an exploratory study to investigate the implications of the expanding Coastal Tourism on food production in Kwale district. The study focuses on the emerging behavioural pa t t.exne around major socio-economic factors of production including land, labour, income and the market for farm produce among the farmers and other stakeholders in the tourist industry and their possible implications on farming and other food production practices in Diani Location of Kwale district. The units from which the study population was obtained were the households in Diani location.

Evaluation of the environmental impacts of changing land use system from pastoralism to crop production: a case study of Katilu division, Turkana district.

The focus of this study was to evaluate the long-term ecological impacts of irrigation farming in Katilu, along river Turkwel, in Turkana, Kenya. Before the introduction of irrigation farming, Turkwel riverine ecosystem was traditionally utilized as a dry season grazing and water resource. The objective of irrigation farming was to improve food security for destitute Turkana people after devastating effects of drought in 1960s. The study evaluated whether this has been achieved after three decades of irrigation farming in Katilu.

Analysis of the resource based conflict between the pastoralist and agrarian communities in east african region: a case study of naivasha sub-county in kenya

Many African countries are dependent basically on agriculture (crop and livestock farming) as their main economic activity. Since Kenya gained independence in 1963 they have been increasing tension between the crop farmers and herders. Such tensions at times generated into violent conflicts resulting in loss of lives and properties. In Naivasha region, the Maasai and Kikuyu communities use land in the region for crop production as well as dry season grazing for herders. This has created conflict in the region between the two communities.

The potential of condensed camel milk in contributing to food security in greater Baragoi, Samburu district

This study was carried out in Baragoi and Nyiro divisions of Samburu district with the main objectives of, first, determining the financial, social and physical accessibility of both fresh and condensed camel milk to the community and, secondly, to determine the changes in the levels of specific nutrients during evaporative condensation of camel milk as well as during storage. A total of 147 randomly selected members of camel improvement groups were interviewed using a structured questionnaire which had been previously pre-tested.

Planning for bicycle public transport in rural areas: A Case of Butula Division, Busia District.

The study intended to provide a rational basis for the development of practical rural transportation policies. Until recently, it had been assumed that the expansion of a rural road network and the acquisition of motorized transport would eventually provide an effective transport system. It has however, become clear that majority of the rural population are not directly linked to a conventional road, much less be able to afford to have access to a motorized vehicle.

Influence of farm subsidy on sustainable maize production in Transmara West District, Narok County

This report is on influence of farm subsidy on sustainable maize production in Transmara West District, Narok County. The study was warranted by the continued food deficit in the world where around 925 million out of the total 6.8 billion people in the world are food insecure, 13.1 percent, or almost 1 in 7 people are hungry. From the literature reviewed it was found out that Maize the staple food for many Kenyans has been in the decline over the years. The country suffers a maize deficit of 6.8 million bags (612,000 metric tons).

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