Factors affecting the development of rainbow trout fish aquaculture in Mathira West District, Central Province-Kenya

This study focused on the general development of aquaculture as a fish farming system. Studies on aquaculture have dwelt on its growth (Allen, 1984, Hopkins, 1995, Bardach et al, 1972, Bardach, 1976, Brown, 1983, Karim et al, 2006). They subsume the potential for economic development and a bridge to poverty alleviation in marginalized and disadvantages communities.

The predisposing factors to and the prevalence of porcine cysticercosis have not been extensively studied in most parts of Uganda. Most reports have been abattoir survey based. This could have not been representative, since lingual screening was sometimes

In sub Saharan Africa over 72% of urban and 98% of rural households use fuelwood for energy). In Kenya 1.6-2.4 million tonnes of wood charcoal are used annually by 82% of urban and 34% of rural households, with Nairobi dwellers consuming 700 tonnes per day. To meet this demand, about 16 million cubic meters of wood is carbonized from farm, private, government and communal lands annually resulting into widespread destruction of rangelands and forests.

Risk factors and lingual prevalence of porcine cysticercosis in the Lake Kyoga Basin in Uganda

The predisposing factors to and the prevalence of porcine cysticercosis have not been extensively studied in most parts of Uganda. Most reports have been abattoir survey based. This could have not been representative, since lingual screening was sometimes done by traders before purchasing pigs for abattoir slaughter. A survey was therefore conducted around Lake Kyoga where pig farming and trade had been popular. Lingual examination was carried out on 500 pigs sampled from seven districts. The prevalence of cysitercosis ranged from 4% to 12.9%.

Climate variability and dry season ruminant livestock feeding strategies in Southeastern Kenya

Availability of feeds for livestock production is a major constraint to livestock production in dry lands of Kenya. This study was conducted to generate information on the climate of the semiarid lands of Southeastem Kenya and the livestock keepers' dry seasons feed provision strategies. Information on climate was generated through analysis of long-term and short-term rainfall and temperature data. The dry seasons' livestock feed provision strategies were generated through a household survey using a questionnaire.

Determinants of awareness and use ICT-based market information services in developing-country agriculture: the case of smallholder farmers in Kenya

Access by smallholder farmers to markets has traditionally been constrained by lack of market information. Yet progress in smallholder agriculture is inconceivable without greater market participation. The desire to strengthen farmer access to market has thus resulted in the emergence of many agricultural projects that use Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in developing countries over the last decade. These technologies focus on providing market information services (MIS) to farmers.

Influence of prices on market participation decisions of indigenous poultry farmers in four districts of eastern province, Kenya

Over 70% of the domesticated birds in Kenya are indigenous chicken (IC) providing meat and table eggs. They are frequently raised through the free range, backyard production system. Small flock sizes are characteristic of this production system and often, sales are mainly at the farmgate. Although IC production possesses enormous potential at livelihood improvement, marketing systems are undefined and variable. The influence of prices on market engagement has frequently been assumed.

Market and Non-market Factors Influencing Farmers’ Adoption of Improved Beef Cattle in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas of Kenya

This study assessed various market and non-market factors that might have a considerable bearing on farmers’ adoption of improved beef cattle breeds in dry areas of Kenya. A binomial (binary) logit model was applied to analyse survey data from a multistage area sample of beef cattle farmers. Results showed that about 53% of farmers in the arid and semi-arid areas of Kenya have adopted improved beef cattle.

An outbreak of urticarial form of swine erysipelas in a medium-scale piggery in Kiambu District, Kenya

This report concerns an outbreak that occurred during July/August 1997. Ten pigs from a herd of 181 pigs in a medium-scale, semi-closed piggery in Kiambu District, Kenya, contracted the clinical disease. The main clinical findings in affected pigs included: fever (40.5-41.8 degrees C), prostration, inappetence, dog-sitting posture, abortion, erythema and raised, firm to the touch and easily palpated light pink to dark purple diamond-shaped to square/rectangular spots on the skin around the belly and the back.

Hydraulic properties of andosols following deforestation in the northern slopes of Mt. Kenya

Deterioration in soil hydraulic properties due to deforestation adversely affects the hydrology of catchments, especially those on mountain slopes. The effects of clearing natural forest (NF) for potato cultivation (PC) and livestock grazing (GL) on the l-rydraulic properties of an andosol (after 5 to 8 years) were investigated in the northern slopes of Mount Kenya. The two farming activities have resulted in deleterious changes in soil water flow and storage. Results obtained showed that steady infiltration rates were 65.7 in NF, 9.7 in PC and 13.4 cm h{ in GL.

Soil chemical properties, sunflower growth and yields as affected by double digging, mulch and compost in central Kenya

Double digging as a form of deep tillage and the utilisation of compost and mulch for improved crop production in the densely populated areas of Kenya is rapidly gaining attention the Kenya Institute of Organic Farming (KIOF, 1994). The aim of double digging is to loosen the deep soil layers for intensive crop production. Compost is aimed at supplying essential plant nutrients and enhancing soil physical properties through addition of organic matter (FAO, 1977; Pfirter et al., l98l).

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African Dryland Institute for Sustainability , University of Nairobi