Determinants of Adoption Choices of Climate Change Adaptation Strategies in Crop Production by Small Scale Farmers in Some Regions of Central Ethiopia

In Sub-Saharan Africa, climate change is set to hit the agricultural sector the most and cause untold suffering particularly for smallholder farmers. Adoption of climate change adaptation strategies aims to minimize adverse effects of climate change on crop yields. However, the capacity of smallholder farmers to choose from appropriate climate change adaptation strategies in SSA is limited. It is therefore imperative to identify and analyze factors that determine the capacity of these farmers to choose appropriate climate change adaptation strategies.

Factors influencing the supply of Soyabeans: an analysis for Kenya-1993-2007

In a developing country like Kenya where the per capita food production is declining while protein calorie malnutrition is increasing, Increase in Soybeans production could have a positive role to play. This is because Soybeans is more protein rich than any common vegetable or animal food and far much cheaper to produce. Soybean has been shown to promote food security and improve the living standards. The current production of animal proteins particularly milk and meat is far much lower than the existing demand, which is steadily increasing.

The Role of Varietal Attributes on Adoption of Improved Seed Varieties. The Case of Sorghum in Kenya

This paper examines the effect of variety attributes on adoption of improved sorghum varieties in Kenya. Using data from 140 farmers, the paper uses a multivariate probit to identify variety-specific drivers of adoption. The results on the perception of farmers variety attributes show that improved varieties had desirable production and marketing attributes while the local varieties were perceived to have the best consumption attributes.

The role of public-private partnerships and collective action in ensuring smallholder participation in high value fruit and vegetable supply chains

Many developing countries have moved into the production of non-traditional agricultural products to diversify their exports and increase foreign currency earnings. Accessing developed country markets and urban domestic markets requires meeting the food safety requirements due to several demand and supply side factors. Food retailers have developed protocols relating to pesticide residues, field and packinghouse operations, and traceability.

A panel of microsatellite and minisatellite markers for the characterisation of field isolates of Theileria parva

Mini- and microsatellite sequences show high levels of variation and therefore provide excellent tools for both the genotyping and population genetic analysis of parasites. Herein we describe the identification of a panel of 11 polymorphic microsatellites and 49 polymorphic minisatellites of the protozoan haemoparasite Theileria parva. The PCR products were run on high resolution Spreadex gels on which the alleles were identified and sized.

Influence of improved fallow systems and phosphorus application on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi symbiosis in maize grown in western Kenya

A field study was carried out on a six-year-old on-farm field trial during long-rains season (April–August) 2003 to investigate the effect of improved fallow systems and phosphorus application on arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi (AMF) symbiosis in maize. The trial comprised of maize rotated with a fast growing leguminous Crotalaria grahamiana fallow and a non-leguminous Tithonia diversifolia fallow for 3 years followed by continuous maize.

Mineral content of traditional leafy vegetables from western Kenya

Socio-economic changes that have taken place in Africa have influenced people's eating habits in both rural and urban set-ups. Most people prefer introduced foods to traditional foods, including plant foods whose consumption is widely regarded as a primitive culture manifesting poor lifestyles. However, recent studies on traditional plant foods have shown that some are highly nutritious; containing high levels of both vitamins and minerals.

Simply Obtained Global Radiation, Soil Temperature and SoilMoisture in an Alley Cropping System in Semi-Arid Kenya

Global radiation, soil temperature and soil moisture data were obtained from a 4–6 year old Cassia siamea/maize (CM) alley cropping (or hedgerow intercropping) system, at a semi-arid site at Machakos, Kenya, in the late eighties. With the growing need to explore and manage variations in agro-ecosystems these results deserve new attention. They quantify, in a simple but detailed manner, the influence of hedgerows on the microclimate of their intercrop and for comparison provide a sole maize (SM) control.

Food policy analysis for Kenya

This study analyses Kenya's food policy during 1961-83 in the context of quantity and nutritional availability and shifts in exchange entitlements on people's access to food supplies. The effects of marketing good pricing policies on food system are analysed and the future food supplies and requirements are projected. Mainly secondary data is used but some primary data was collected in Karatina, Gakindu, Tala and Kikima areas.

Mineral composition of tropical forages in the Mount Elgon region of Kenya. II. Trace Elements.

A survey of trace mineral concentrations in herbage in the Mt Elgon region of western Kenya is described. A total of 135 samples of mature herbage from 84 farms covering 30 000 km2 was analysed for cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo), selenium (Se), and zinc (Zn). Mean (±standard deviation) concentrations [mg kg'1 dry matter (DM)] were Co, 0.2 (0.16); Cu, 4.0 (1.6); Fe, 300 (169); Mn, 220 (128); Mo, 1.1 (0.23); Se, 0.1 (0.03); Zn, 23.6 (9.4).

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African Dryland Institute for Sustainability , University of Nairobi